Lotus corniculatus

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Bird's-foot trefoil

Lotus corniculatus
  • ANPC Rank –
  • Moss, Flora of Alberta – Rare
  • Global Invasive Species Database – Yes
  • NatureServe Rank – Medium/Low
  • Haber, Upland –
  • Haber, Wetland –
  • CWF, Status & Invasive Range –
  • Alberta Revegetation Guidelines – No
  • The Nature Conservancy – No
  • CBCN – No
  • AB Weed – No


Used throughout the US as a forage crop and to enhance pasture. It is also planted along roadsides to prevent soil erosion. Qualities that make it effective at roadside revegetation are also qualities that allow it to invade and persist natural areas following disturbance(s). It can also encroach into adjacent natural areas without major disturbance. Once established, it can become dense, crowding out native species. -NatureServe

[1] Link to USDA Plants Database for Lotus corniculatus L.

[2] Link to USDA Plant Characteristics for Lotus corniculatus L.

[3] Link to NatureServe I-Rank info for Lotus corniculatus L.

Lotus corniculatus L. Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 2: 359. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society.