Hippophae rhamnoides

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Legend for Species Pages

Sea Buckthorn

Hippophae rhamnoides
  • ANPC Rank –
  • Moss, Flora of Alberta – Rare
  • Global Invasive Species Database – No
  • NatureServe Rank – Not yet assessed
  • Haber, Upland – No
  • Haber, Wetland – No
  • CWF, Status & Invasive Range – No
  • Alberta Revegetation Guidelines – No
  • The Nature Conservancy – No
  • CBCN – No
  • AB Weed – No


Has established extensive stands on gravel and sandbars along streams and on lakeshores, excludes other vegetation.

Hipprham la.jpg
HippRham3 la.jpg
Hipprham2 la.jpg

Quoted from: NEWS RELEASE – WEED OF THE WEEK SERIES, FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE, 20 SEPTEMBER 2006 by Lisa Scott, Weed Coordinator for the Okanagan-Similkameen Regional District, email info@rdos.bc.ca.

"Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) is another shrub that occurs in our region, and has shown invasive properties in other areas of Canada as well as the U.S. Sea buckthorn is a deciduous winter-hardy shrub that reaches 2 to 5 metres (6.5 – 16.4 feet) in height. The sea buckthorn’s leaves are alternate and narrow [and] are silver-grey colored. The small, yellow flowers appear in spring before leaves. Small, yellow to orange berries remain on the shrub throughout the winter.

In 2005, sea buckthorn was as ranked as the fifteenth most invasive plant of natural habitats in Canada following presentations at the 2004 Canadian Botanical Association's second symposium on invasive alien plants in Canada. This plant has recently attracted interest worldwide for its economic value as a nutritious food, a medicine, a soil enhancer, a pollution reducer, a source of firewood, and as a landscape management tool. It has been widely planted on the Canadian prairies to improve soil through nitrogen-fixing capability, to prevent erosion in dry and especially saline areas and for use as a shelterbelt. More recently it has attracted attention in Canada as an alternative crop, the leaves and berries being processed into a range of health foods and herbal products. Oil from the plant is also used for medicinal and cosmetic purposes."

Calgary locations reported by Gus Yaki:

1. Sea-Buckthorn+, Hippophae rhamnoides, 1 large stand, over 150 feet in diameter, Weaselhead Natural Area, N of Elbow River, adjacent to Tsuu T'ina lands, GPS location, N50.59.593/W114.09.880. This was removed in early June 2003; cut stumps re-sprouted, removed 2004/05/07. New plants found still emerging in 2009.

2. South Weaselhead Natural Area, N50.59.398/W114.09.693 about 100 feet across. Cut 04Sep03. 1 sideshoot, 2 ft tall, found and pulled 07July04. Have not checked site since.

3. North Glenmore Park. 2 colonies, N50.59.312/W114.08.058; (316/064). Removed May05/year unrecorded; has regenerated.

4. North Glenmore Park, 2 clumps amidst trees to SW of first parking lot #N on S. side of road, E from 37 St SW.

5. Many clumps (ten or more) along S. shore of Glenmore Reservoir, opposite Heritage Park. Some are over an acre in extent.

6. North of Glenmore Landing, along E. side of Glenmore reservoir. N50.58.478/W114.06.034; N50.58.632/W114.05.958;

7. In total, at least 12 colonies between the Glenmore Dam and 50 St SW, growing exponentially annually, so that they are almost meeting. Some are GD50.N51.00.176/W114.05.869; 170/860; 067/600; 044/589; Also on south side of river opposite N51.00.012/W114.05.709;

8. Entire island in Elbow River near W end of Riverdale Drive SW parking lot.

9. Elbow River, Riverdale Park SW. RiPk.N50.00.898/W114.05.574; and 916 49 Av SW.

10. Island in Elbow River just S of southern edge of community of Rideau. StPk.N51.01.351/W114.04.490;

11. Almost all of the W. end of Elbow Isand Park, 4th St SW, ElIs.N51.01.692/W114.04.544; 702/507; 729;440; 681/536;

12. Bearspaw Reservoir, N. of Bow River, N51.06.132/W114.16.238;

13. Carburn Park, S of Eric Harvie Bridge, along Bow River. N50.58.109/W114.01.406; 066/333;

14. Along S. side of Strathcona Dr, leading into the ravine, StRa.N51.02.663/W114.10.590

15. On the south-facing slopes of Nose Hill off 64 Av NW, NH64.N51.06.684/W114.05.160. Cut down 23Jun04, has regenerated; NH64.N51.06.644/W114.05.154. Almost all other sites are along shorelines of the rivers or reservoirs

[1] Link to USDA Plants profile, Hippophae rhamnoides L. seaberry

[2] Link to USDA Plants characteristics, Hippophae rhamnoides L. seaberry